He often has trouble catching his breath after a race, he is allergic to dust, he coughs regularly at night ... Everything seems to indicate that he is asthmatic.
How is asthma manifested?
- He often coughs in the middle of the night. His straight is dry, associated with whistles that do not come from a stuffy nose but rather from his lungs. He has trouble expiring.
- He also coughs after or during an effort, such as playing ball or racing with his friends.
- He catches all the viruses that drag in school. You do not count any more flu, bronchitis or colds.
- In the spring, his eyes blush, he sneezes gurgling and his nose runs constantly. He meets the same symptoms in a damp and dusty room (attic, cellar ...) or in the presence of a cat.
What does it mean ?
- The appearance of symptoms mentioned above should alert you if they are repetitive.
- Asthma is the most common chronic disease in children. It is illustrated by acute episodes of respiratory discomfort. The bronchi shrink with inflammation of the mucous membranes.
- Asthma affects children of all ages. In toddlers younger than 3 years, it is often linked to viral infections. For example, beyond three to four episodes of bronchiolitis during the winter, there is a diagnosis of asthma. After 3 years, 60% of them will heal but 40% of asthma will persist by developing an allergic aspect.
- Beyond 3 years, it is often allergic asthma (mites, pollens, etc.). If your child is not cared for properly, the problem can become very inflammatory and continue into adulthood.
Asthma, the chain reaction
Normally, it is the IgE class antibodies that respond to an attack. In an atopic child, this mechanism is out of order. During the first contact with the allergen, it releases IgE into its blood that binds to specific inflammatory cells, preferably in the mucous membranes of the nose. If a second contact takes place, the allergen binds to the cells carrying IgE. It is this allergen-IgE complex that causes inflammatory reactions that cause the symptoms of asthma: bronchial constriction, coughing, respiratory discomfort ...